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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Use of Scarey Man in combination with harassment patrols drastically reduces double-crested cormorant Phalacrocoax auritus numbers at a catfish farm in LeFlore County Mississippi, USA

Published source details

Stickley A.R. Jr. & King J.O. (1995) Long-term trial of an inflatable effigy scare device or repelling cormorants from catfish ponds. Proceedings of the Eastern Wildlife Damage Control Conference, 6, 89-92


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Scare birds from fish farms Bird Conservation

A before-and-after trial at 25 fish ponds in a catfish farm over 45 days in February and March 1992 in the Mississippi delta region, USA (Stickley & King 1995), found that using a ‘Scarey Man’ resulted in a rapid decrease in double-crested cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus numbers (320 birds/patrol before treatment vs. 8/patrol for the first seven days after erection and 16/patrol for the whole 46 day experiment). Clothing the devices to resemble marksmen, replacing them with actual marksmen and using propane gas exploders (at up to six Scarey Man positions for 23 days) did not further reduce cormorant numbers.