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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: A protective, biodegradable mussel sock sleeve proves ineffective in reducing mussel losses to diving ducks at blue mussel Mytilus edulis aquaculture sites in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Published source details

Barbeau M.A., Hamilton D.J., Lauzon-Guay J. & Dionne M. (2006) Protective socking material for cultivated mussels: a potential non-disruptive deterrent to reduce losses to diving ducks. Aquaculture International, 14, 595-613


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Use ‘mussel socks’ to prevent birds from attacking shellfish Bird Conservation

A randomised, replicated controlled experiment in October 2002 in three bays on Prince Edward Island, Canada (Dionne et al. 2006), found that mussel socks with a ‘sleeve’ of a biodegradable cotton-polyester mesh lost fewer medium-sized (20 mm) mussels to greater scaup Aythya marila predation than un-sleeved socks. Losses were similar for small (14 mm) and large (26 mm) mussels, but more small mussels migrated through sleeved socks (thus more vulnerable to predation).