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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Use of reflector ribbon successfully reduces numbers of pest birds visiting wheat and maize crops near Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan

Published source details

Hafeez S., Khan T.H., Khan T.N., Shahbaz M. & Ahmed M. (2008) Use of reflector ribbon as a pest birds repellant in wheat and maize crop. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences, 4, 92-94


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Reduce conflict by deterring birds from taking crops using bird scarers Bird Conservation

A replicated two-month study (November-December) on agricultural land in Punjab, Pakistan (Hafeez et al. 2008), found that hanging reflector ribbons 65-100 cm above crops was a low cost technique that significantly decreased abundances of four main bird pest species (house crow Corvus splendens, ring-necked parakeet Psittacula krameri, common myna Acridotheres tristis and bank myna A. ginginianus) that heavily damage young wheat Triticum aestivum and maize Zea mays crops.