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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: An inflatable human effigy scare device is partly effective in reducing double-crested cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus visitation to catfish farms on the Mississippi delta, Mississippi, USA

Published source details

Stickley A.R. Jr., Mott D.F. & King J.O. (1995) Short-term effects of an inflatable effigy on cormorants at catfish farms. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 23, 73-77


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Scare birds from fish farms Bird Conservation

A replicated, controlled, paired sites study in winter-spring 1991 at four pairs of catfish farms in the Mississippi delta region, USA (Stickley et al. 1995), found a 71-99% reduction in double-crested cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus numbers following the deployment of six ‘Scarey Man’ devices for 10-19 days. However, signs of habituation became apparent (reduced flush success) within the trial period at three sites.