Kestrel use of nest boxes on reclaimed surface mines in West Virginia and Pennsylvania

  • Published source details Wilmers T.J. (1982) Kestrel use of nest boxes on reclaimed surface mines in West Virginia and Pennsylvania. M.S. Thesis. West Virginia University.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Provide artificial nesting sites for falcons

Action Link
Bird Conservation
  1. Provide artificial nesting sites for falcons

    A replicated study at reclaimed surface mine sites in West Virginia and Pennsylvania, USA (Wilmers 1982), found that American kestrels Falco sparverius preferentially used nest boxes sited away from a woodland edge; 10 of 65 (15%) woodland edge boxes were used compared with 47% located 50 m or more from a woodland edge. In 1980, 60 nest boxes were erected at 18 mines, and in 1981 a further 91 at 24 mines. Kestrels used 14 (23%) boxes on 10 of 18 (56%) mines in 1980, and 33 of 91 (36%) on 19 of 24 (79%) mines in 1981. Mine sites where boxes were used had significantly less bare ground cover and a deeper litter layer.


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