Breeding bird communities of reclaimed coal-mine grasslands in the American midwest

  • Published source details DeVault T.L., Scott P.E., Bajema R.A. & Lima S.L. (2002) Breeding bird communities of reclaimed coal-mine grasslands in the American midwest. Journal of Field Ornithology, 73, 268-275.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Restore or create grasslands

Action Link
Bird Conservation
  1. Restore or create grasslands

    A replicated study in May-July 1997-1998 in southwest Indiana, USA (DeVault et al. 2002), found that a total of 28 breeding bird species were recorded on 19 reclaimed surface coal mine grasslands. The 20 ‘common species’ (i.e. present at 68-100% of sites), included five grassland specialists. Red-winged blackbird, eastern meadowlark Sturnella magna and grasshopper sparrow were most abundant (the latter two being grassland specialists). Seven other grassland species were present (11-42% of sites) but were uncommon. Sites were 110-3,180 ha and seeded with non-native Eurasian grasses.


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