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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Use of nest boxes by 31 species of solitary bee and wasp in agricultural areas and forest in Manabi, Ecuador

Published source details

Tylianakis J.M., Klein A.M. & Tscharntke T. (2005) Spatiotemporal variation in the diversity of hymenoptera across a tropical habitat gradient. Ecology, 86, 3296-3302


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Provide artificial nest sites for solitary bees Bee Conservation

Tylianakis et al. (2005) placed 432 reed stem nest boxes across 48 plots in agricultural areas of Manabi Province, southwest Ecuador, on posts or hanging from trees 1.5 m above the ground. Traps were monitored from June 2003 to May 2004. In total, 31 species of bee and wasp used the traps, with averages between 8 and 12 species per plot over the entire year for different land use types. The number of bee species is not specified.