Spatiotemporal variation in the diversity of hymenoptera across a tropical habitat gradient

  • Published source details Tylianakis J.M., Klein A.M. & Tscharntke T. (2005) Spatiotemporal variation in the diversity of hymenoptera across a tropical habitat gradient. Ecology, 86, 3296-3302.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Provide artificial nest sites for solitary bees

Action Link
Bee Conservation
  1. Provide artificial nest sites for solitary bees

    Tylianakis et al. (2005) placed 432 reed stem nest boxes across 48 plots in agricultural areas of Manabi Province, southwest Ecuador, on posts or hanging from trees 1.5 m above the ground. Traps were monitored from June 2003 to May 2004. In total, 31 species of bee and wasp used the traps, with averages between 8 and 12 species per plot over the entire year for different land use types. The number of bee species is not specified.

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