Individual study: The use of constructed and natural ponds by frogs in agricultural land of the Southern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia
Hazell D., Hero J., Lindenmayer D. & Cunningham R. (2004) A comparison of constructed and natural habitat for frog conservation in an Australian agricultural landscape. Biological Conservation, 119, 61-71
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Create ponds for amphibians
A replicated, site comparison study of 22 paired pond sites in 1999–2000 in New South Wales, Australia (Hazell et al. 2004) found that constructed farm dams had similar amphibian species diversity to natural ponds. Both ponds types supported an average of five species and an overall total of 11–12 species. Only one species, the striped marsh frog Limnodynastes peronii, showed a different trend, occurring in only six dams compared to 14 natural ponds. Farm ponds (>10 years old) were paired with natural ponds (1–3 km away) with similar stock access and landscape features. Surveys were undertaken on two nights/site in spring and summer 1999–2000. Pond pairs were surveyed on the same night by call counts (50 m transect). Four observation surveys were also undertaken along transects (5 x 2 m) within different microhabitats at each site.