Nest boxes occupied by 39 species of bees, wasps and their natural enemies in tropical agroforestry systems at the edge of Lore-Lindu National Park, Sulawesi, Indonesia

  • Published source details Klein A. M., Steffan-Dewenter I. & Tscharntke T. (2006) Rain forest promotes trophic interactions and diversity of trap-nesting Hymenoptera in adjacent agroforestry. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75, 315-323


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Provide artificial nest sites for solitary bees

Action Link
Bee Conservation
  1. Provide artificial nest sites for solitary bees

    Klein et al. (2006) found 25 species of natural enemy attacking 14 bee and wasp species nesting in nest boxes in shade coffee and cacao plantations in central Sulawesi, Indonesia. 2.1% of bee brood cells were attacked in this study, although no predators or parasitoids were recorded for the most commonly found bee, the megachilid Heriades fulvescens, which made up 20% of all brood cells.

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