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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Nest boxes used by sixteen species of solitary bee in fragments of semi-deciduous tropical forest at Estação Ecológica de Paulo de Faria and Santa Cec­lia Farmin, São Paulo, Brazil

Published source details

Gazola A.L. & Garofalo C.A. (2009) Trap-nesting bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) in forest fragments of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Genetics and Molecular Research, 8, 607-622


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Provide artificial nest sites for solitary bees Bee Conservation

In a replicated trial in two fragments of semi‐deciduous tropical forest in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil, Gazola & Garofalo (2009) reported 16 species of solitary bee using nest boxes comprising bamboo stem sections or cardboard tubes. Overall, 2,708 cardboard tubes inserted in drilled wooden blocks, and 1,619 sections of bamboo cane were placed out for two years from 2000 to 2002. A total of 528 bee nests were recovered.

Provide artificial nest sites for solitary bees Bee Conservation

Gazola & Garofalo (2009) report five and 13 species of parasite attacking bees nesting in bamboo stem and cardboard tube nest boxes respectively, in two different fragments of semi-deciduous tropical forest in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil.