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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Bumblebees Bombus spp. nest in five different types of nest box on agricultural land in Bayfield County, Wisconsin, USA

Published source details

Fye R.E. & Medler J.T. (1954) Field domiciles for bumblebees. Journal of Economic Entomology, 47, 672-676

This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Provide artificial nest sites for bumblebees Bee Conservation

A trial of 172 nest boxes of six types (unequally replicated), carried out on farms in Wisconsin, USA in 1953, showed that bumblebees will nest in wooden nest boxes or half-buried flower pots at the surface, wooden boxes attached to buildings 1 m above ground, or in metal cans or roof tile enclosures buried underground (Fye & Medler 1954). Flax straw, old mouse nests or felt were added as bedding. Overall, 34% of the nest boxes were occupied, by five species of bumblebee, including three now thought to be declining in some parts of North America (Xerces Society 2008): the red-belted bumblebee Bombus rufocinctus, the yellow bumblebee B. fervidus and the half-black bumblebee B. vagans.

Additional reference

Xerces Society (2008) Bumblebees in decline. Invertebrate conservation fact sheet. Available at Accessed 2 December 2009.