Study

Effectiveness of chemical and physical measures to exclude red imported fire ants Solenopsis invicta from nests of black-capped vireos Vireo atricapilla and white-eyed vireos V. griseus in Coryell County, Texas, USA

  • Published source details Campomizzi A.J., Morrison M.L., Farrell S.L., Wilkins R.N., Drees B.M. & Packard J.M. (2009) Red imported fire ants can decrease songbird nest survival. The Condor, 111, 534-537

Actions

This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Protect nests from ants

Action Link
Bird Conservation
  1. Protect nests from ants

    A randomised, replicated and controlled study in March-July 2006-7 in a grassland/oak-juniper woodland mosaic in Texas, USA (Campomizzi et al. 2009) found that 18 white-eyed vireo Vireo griseus nests, protected from red imported fire ants Solenopsis invicta with a physical barrier and a chemical repellent, had significantly higher fledging success than 26 unprotected nests (31% vs. 10%). The same effect was seen in 13 experimental and 14 control black-capped vireo V. atricapilla nests, but this difference (13% vs. 7%) was non-significant. The physical barrier was Tanglefoot – a gum resin that traps crawling insects, applied to the branch >25 cm from each nest; the repellent was Arinix™ spiral wrap – a permethrin releasing plastic wrapped around the branch on top of the Tanglefoot.

     

Output references

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, terrestrial mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 18

Go to the CE Journal

Subscribe to our newsletter

Please add your details if you are interested in receiving updates from the Conservation Evidence team about new papers, synopses and opportunities.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape Programme Red List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Bern wood Supporting Conservation Leaders National Biodiversity Network Sustainability Dashboard Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx British trust for ornithology Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Butterfly Conservation People trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust