Wild bee abundance and seed production in conventional, organic, and genetically modified canola

  • Published source details Morandin L.A. & Winston M.L. (2005) Wild bee abundance and seed production in conventional, organic, and genetically modified canola. Ecological Applications, 15, 871-881.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Convert to organic farming

Action Link
Bee Conservation
  1. Convert to organic farming

    A comparison of organic and conventional canola (oilseed rape Brasscia sp.) fields in Canada found a significantly greater abundance of wild bees in organic fields (averages 86 bees per organic field sample, 58 bees per conventional field; Morandin & Winston 2005).

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