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Providing evidence to improve practice

Individual study: Use of desert-adapted planting increases the diversity of bees in gardens in Phoenix, Arizona, USA

Published source details

McIntyre N.E. & Hostetler M.E. (2001) Effect of urban land use on pollinator (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) communities in a desert metropolis. Basic and Applied Ecology, 2, 209-218


This study is summarised as evidence for the intervention(s) shown on the right. The icon shows which synopsis it is relevant to.

Plant parks and gardens with appropriate flowers Bee Conservation

A replicated trial in the Phoenix metropolitan area, in the Sonoran Desert of the USA, found that eight gardens planted with dry-loving plants (xeric landscaping) supported a greater diversity of bees than eight gardens planted with non-native plants such as grasses that needed to be irrigated (McIntyre & Hostetler 2001). In September, xeric gardens had approximately 10 bee species, compared to less than five species/garden in ordinary gardens.