Effect of nest-box orientation on uptake by black-capped chickadees Poecile atricapillus at Queen's University Biological Station, Ontario, Canada

  • Published source details Mennill D.J. & Ratcliffe L.M. (2004) Nest cavity orientation in black-capped chickadees Poecile atricapillus: do the acoustic properties of cavities influence sound reception in the nest and extra-pair matings? Journal of Avian Biology (formerly Ornis Scandinavica 1970-1993), 35, 477-482


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Provide artificial nesting sites for songbirds

Action Link
Bird Conservation
  1. Provide artificial nesting sites for songbirds

    A replicated study in mixed forests in eastern Ontario, Canada, between 1999 and 2002 (Mennill & Ratcliffe 2004), found that black-capped chickadees Parus atricapillus (also called Poecile atricapillus) only nested in 20-27% of 176 nest boxes provided (compared with 99 nests in natural cavities in the study area). Boxes were erected in sets of four, facing 90o from each other on the same tree, and chickadees showed no preferences for particular orientations. Boxes were made from PVC tubing and filled with sawdust.


Output references

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, terrestrial mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 18

Go to the CE Journal

Discover more on our blog

Our blog contains the latest news and updates from the Conservation Evidence team, the Conservation Evidence Journal, and our global partners in evidence-based conservation.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape Programme Red List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Bern wood Supporting Conservation Leaders National Biodiversity Network Sustainability Dashboard Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx British trust for ornithology Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Butterfly Conservation People trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust