Suggested measures for the protection of wildlife when constructing shipping canals and inland waterways

  • Published source details Schneider V.E. & Waffel H.H. (1978) Vorschläge zu Schutzmaßnahmen für Wildtiere beim Ausbau von Schiffahrtskanälen und kanalisierten Binnenwasserstraßen. Zeitschrift für Jagdwissenschaft, 24, 72-88.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Provide mammals with escape routes from canals

Action Link
Terrestrial Mammal Conservation
  1. Provide mammals with escape routes from canals

    A study (year not stated) in a swimming pool and on a stretch of a canal in Lower Saxony, Germany (Schneider & Waffel 1978) found that a platform was used by at least five mammal species to exit water and both metal ramps and vegetated islands by at least two species Roe deer Capreolus capreolus, red deer Cervus elaphus, wild boar Sus scrofa, red foxes Vulpes vulpes and badgers Meles meles used timber platforms to exit from waterways. Rabbits Oryctolagus cunniculus and hedgehogs Erinaceus europaeus used a ramp covered with meshed metal to exit from waterways. Red foxes and badgers used vegetated islands to leave water. Timber platforms were tested by releasing medium-sized (e.g. foxes) and large mammals (e.g. deer) into a swimming pool, and guiding them to a platform. A ramp covered with meshed metal was tested for small mammals (e.g. rabbits) and a 'vegetated island' (4.5 m × 2.5 m; 1.5 m above water level) was tested for deer, badgers and foxes. The vegetated island comprised timber beams 'planted' with leafy branches either fixed to the bank or anchored in the middle of a steep-banked stretch of canal.

    (Summarised by: Ricardo Rocha)

Output references
What Works 2021 cover

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 21

Go to the CE Journal

Discover more on our blog

Our blog contains the latest news and updates from the Conservation Evidence team, the Conservation Evidence Journal, and our global partners in evidence-based conservation.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape ProgrammeRed List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Mauritian Wildlife Supporting Conservation Leaders
Sustainability Dashboard National Biodiversity Network Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Bat Conservation InternationalPeople trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust