Hunting disturbance on a large shallow lake: the effectiveness of waterfowl refuges

  • Published source details Evans D.M. & Day K.R. (2002) Hunting disturbance on a large shallow lake: the effectiveness of waterfowl refuges. Ibis, 144, 2-8.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Use wildlife refuges to reduce hunting disturbance

Action Link
Bird Conservation
  1. Use wildlife refuges to reduce hunting disturbance

    A study on a lake in Northern Ireland, UK, in the boreal winter of 1997-8 (Evans & Day 2002), found that significantly more wildfowl were found on a bay used as a wildlife refuge (i.e. closed to hunting) during the hunting season, compared with the closed season (average of 1,027 individuals on the lake during open season vs. 597 during the closed season). A significant increase in usage was also observed within the open season at weekends, when hunting intensity was highest, a pattern most noticeable for mallard Anas platyrhynchos and common coot Fulica atra. There was a corresponding decrease in wildfowl numbers in an area of the lake used for shooting. A total of 20 waterfowl species were recorded at the refuge, the most common being mallard, common goldeneye Bucephala clangula, tufted duck Aythya fuligula and common coot.


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