Individual study: Treatment of foot rot in free-ranging mouflon Ovis gmelini populations in the federal states of Hessen and Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
Volmer K., Hecht W., Weiß R. & Grauheding D. (2008) Treatment of foot rot in free-ranging mouflon (Ovis gmelini musimon) populations; does it make sense? European Journal of Wildlife Research, 54, 657-665
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Treat disease in wild mammals
A replicated study in 1994–2005 in three forest sites in Hessen and Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany (Volmer et al. 2008) found that medical treatment of mouflons Ovis gmelini musimon against foot rot disease healed most infected animals. No statistical analyses were performed. All 152 infected individuals fully treated for foot rot disease recovered with no signs of reinfection. No data are provided for 13 individuals that only received partial treatment. Two hundred and fifty mouflons were caught using a fenced kraal or net trap and kept in a corral for six weeks. All were injected with penicilline–streptomycine (1-3 ml of Tardomyocel III comp®), had an anti-parasitic treatment (0.2 mg/kg of Ivomec®) and, in cases of bad general condition (e.g. fever) a supplementary treatment was administered (see paper for details). A total of 165 animals with foot rot were treated by trimming the wounded hooves and covering them in antiseptic fluid (Kodan®-Tincture). Some were treated with an additional antibiotic injection (5.0 ml Procain Penicillin G® solution). If needed, a second treatment was conducted after two or three days. Four to six weeks after treatment, a final trimming of the hooves was undertaken before the animals were released.
(Summarised by Ricardo Rocha)