Biodiversity benefits of vegetation restoration are undermined by livestock grazing

  • Published source details Lindenmayer D.B., Blanchard W., Crane M., Michael D. & Sato C. (2018) Biodiversity benefits of vegetation restoration are undermined by livestock grazing. Restoration Ecology, 26, 1157-1164.


This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Modify grazing regime: Forest, open woodland & savanna

Action Link
Reptile Conservation
  1. Modify grazing regime: Forest, open woodland & savanna

    A replicated, site comparison study in 2013 in restored eucalypt woodland on 25 farms in New South Wales, Australia (Lindenmayer et al. 2018) found that in replanted native vegetation, areas with occasional livestock grazing or no grazing had higher reptile species richness than areas with continuous grazing. Results all reported as model outputs. The authors reported that reptile species richness was higher where the amount of leaf litter was greater and that leaf litter was reduced in plots that were continuously grazed. Fifteen reptile species were recorded. In austral spring 2013, sixty-one plots of replanted native vegetation on 25 farms were surveyed in a 150 x 120 km agricultural area in the South Western Slopes (time since replanting: 6–61 years). Ten plots each were either occasionally grazed or continuously grazed by cattle Bos taurus or sheep Ovies aries (20 plots total) and a further 41 plots were never grazed. Reptiles were surveyed in each plot using 20 minute active searches and groups of artificial refuges (corrugated steel, railway sleepers and concrete roof tiles, two groups/plot).

    (Summarised by: Katie Sainsbury)

Output references
What Works 2021 cover

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 21

Go to the CE Journal

Discover more on our blog

Our blog contains the latest news and updates from the Conservation Evidence team, the Conservation Evidence Journal, and our global partners in evidence-based conservation.

Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape ProgrammeRed List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Mauritian Wildlife Supporting Conservation Leaders
Sustainability Dashboard National Biodiversity Network Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Bat Conservation InternationalPeople trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust