An individual study is a summary of a specific scientific study, usually
taken from a scientific journal, but also from other resources such as
reports. It tells you the background context, the action(s) taken and
If you want more detail please look at the original reference.
Each action page focuses on a particular action you could take to benefit
wildlife or ecosystems.
It contains brief (150-200 word) descriptions of relevant studies (context,
action(s) taken and their consequences) and one or more key messages.
Key messages show the extent and main conclusions of the available evidence.
Using links within key messages, you can look at the paragraphs describing each
study to get more detail. Each paragraph allows you to assess the quality
of the evidence and how relevant it is to your situation.
Where we found no evidence, we have been unable to assess whether or not an intervention is effective or has any harmful impacts.