Remove or control invasive cane toads
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Cane toads Bufo marinus have been introduced to many places including Australia and Pacific and Caribbean islands. The species can have significant effects on native species, particularly those that prey on the cane toads as they contain a lethal toxin. They may also affect native amphibians through competition at the tadpole stage and through predation of eggs or tadpoles.
There is additional literature that is not included here examining the success of controlling cane toads, which may be undertaken for the conservation of a range of taxa including amphibians (e.g. Nakajima et al. 2005; Shanmuganathan et al. 2010; Ward-Fear et al. 2010; Wingate 2011).
Nakajima T., Toda M., Aoki M. & Tatara M. (2005) The project for control of the cane toad Bufo marinus on Iriomote Island, Okinawa prefecture. Bulletin of the Herpetological Society, 2005, 179–186.
Shanmuganathan T., Pallister J., Doody S., McCallum H., Robinson T., Sheppard A., Hardy C., Halliday D., Venables D., Voysey R., Strive T., Hinds L. & Hyatt A. (2010) Biological control of the cane toad in Australia: A review. Animal Conservation Biology, 13, 16–23.
Ward-Fear G., Brown G.P. & Shine R. (2010) Using a native predator (the meat ant, Iridomyrmex reburrus) to reduce the abundance of an invasive species (the cane toad, Bufo marinus) in tropical Australia. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 273–280.
Wingate D.B. (2011) The successful elimination of cane toads, Bufo marinus, from an island with breeding habitat off Bermuda. Biological Invasions, 13, 1487–1492.