Conservation Evidence strives to be as useful to conservationists as possible. Please take our survey to help the team improve our resource.

Providing evidence to improve practice

Action: Use captive breeding to increase or maintain populations of seabirds Bird Conservation

Key messages

Read our guidance on Key messages before continuing

A study from Spain over five years found that a single pair of Audouin’s gulls, Larus audouinii, successfully bred in captivity.


Supporting evidence from individual studies


A small study in a captive-breeding centre in eastern Spain (Martínez-Abraín et al. 2001) found that a pair of captive Audouin’s gulls Larus audouinii successfully bred in captivity each year between 1996 and 2000. This followed a pair of wild gulls nesting inside the centre but outside the cages. Comparisons with the wild pair are made in ‘Artificially incubate and hand-rear birds in captivity’.


Referenced papers

Please cite as:

Williams, D.R., Child, M.F., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., Pople, R.G., Showler, D.A., Walsh, J.C., zu Ermgassen, E.K.H.J. & Sutherland, W.J. (2019) Bird Conservation. Pages 141-290 in: W.J. Sutherland, L.V. Dicks, N. Ockendon, S.O. Petrovan & R.K. Smith (eds) What Works in Conservation 2019. Open Book Publishers, Cambridge, UK.