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Providing evidence to improve practice

Action: Use artificial visual and auditory stimuli to induce breeding in wild populations Bird Conservation

Key messages

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A single small study from the British Virgin Islands found that there was an increase in breeding behaviour in a small population of Caribbean flamingos Phoenicopterus ruber following the introduction of visual and auditory stimulants.


Supporting evidence from individual studies


A small before-and-after study in the British Virgin Islands, Caribbean in 1992 (O'Connell-Rodwell et al. 2004) found there was an increase in group display and nest-building behaviour in a population of six (two females, four males) Caribbean flamingos Phoenicopterus ruber, following the introduction of ten life-sized flamingo decoys, eight artificially constructed mud nests (some with artificial eggs) and the playback of recordings of display vocalisations (3.6% of behavioural records in the two weeks after stimuli introduction were related to group display vs. no records in 12 hours before stimuli introduction).


Referenced papers

Please cite as:

Williams, D.R., Child, M.F., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., Pople, R.G., Showler, D.A., Walsh, J.C., zu Ermgassen, E.K.H.J. & Sutherland, W.J. (2019) Bird Conservation. Pages 141-290 in: W.J. Sutherland, L.V. Dicks, N. Ockendon, S.O. Petrovan & R.K. Smith (eds) What Works in Conservation 2019. Open Book Publishers, Cambridge, UK.