Providing evidence to improve practice

Action: Control predators not on islands for seabirds Bird Conservation

Key messages

 

Supporting evidence from individual studies

1 

A before-and-after study at a common tern Sterna hirundo colony in eastern Canada (Guillemette & Brousseau 2001) found that fledging success was higher in 1994 when chick-predating gulls (four herring gulls Larus argentatus and one great black-backed gull Larus marinus) were selectively shot, compared with 1993 and 1995, when no gulls were culled (16% of 115 eggs fledged vs. no chicks fledging from 165 eggs).

 

2 

A before-and-after study at three sites in northern North Island, New Zealand (Wilson & Hansen), found that the population of New Zealand fairy terns Sterna nereis davisae increased from a low of five breeding pairs in 1987 and an annual decline of 1.5% to between 35 and 40 individuals in 2005 and an annual increase of 1.4%, following the continual trapping of introduced mammalian predators (feral cats Felis catus, hedgehogs Erinaceus europaeus, stoats Mustela erminia, ferrets M. putorius, weasels M. nivalis, Australian brush-tailed possums Trichosurus vulpecula and rats Rattus spp.) from 1992 onwards. On average 100 hedgehogs and 12 cats were trapped each year.

 

Referenced papers

Please cite as:

Williams, D.R., Child, M.F., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., Pople, R.G., Showler, D.A., Walsh, J.C., zu Ermgassen, E.K.H.J. & Sutherland, W.J. (2017) Bird Conservation. Pages 95-244 in: W.J. Sutherland, L.V. Dicks, N. Ockendon & R.K. Smith (eds) What Works in Conservation 2017. Open Book Publishers, Cambridge, UK.