Enforce legislation to control illegal fishing using gear or methods that are harmful to mammals
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Legislation has been put in place in some countries to prohibit or restrict the use of certain types of fishing gear or methods that are harmful to marine and freshwater mammals. However, illegal fishing activities may still occur (e.g. Tudela et al. 2005). This intervention involves enforcing existing legislation to reduce illegal fishing with gear types or methods that are harmful to mammals. This may involve measures such as deploying patrol boats, introducing vessel monitoring procedures (such as onboard human observers or CCTV), establishing stricter port controls, reporting of fishing effort, and issuing fines and penalties for non-compliance. Local communities may also be involved, e.g. by reporting illegal fishing activities (Butler et al. 2017).
Butler J.R.A., McKelvey S.A., McMyn I.A.G. & Leyshon B. (2017) Does community surveillance mitigate by-catch risk to coastal cetaceans? Insights from salmon poaching and bottlenose dolphins in Scotland. Fisheries and Oceanography, 3, 555603.
Tudela S., Kai Kai A., Maynou F., El Andalossi M. & Guglielmi P. (2005) Driftnet fishing and biodiversity conservation: the case study of the large-scale Moroccan driftnet fleet operating in the Alboran Sea (SW Mediterranean). Biological Conservation, 121, 65–78.