Modify culverts to make them more accessible to mammals

How is the evidence assessed?
  • Effectiveness
    70%
  • Certainty
    30%
  • Harms
    0%

Study locations

Key messages

  • One study evaluated the effects of modifying culverts to make them more accessible to mammals. This study was in the USA.

COMMUNITY RESPONSE (0 STUDIES)

POPULATION RESPONSE (0 STUDIES)

BEHAVIOUR (1 STUDY)

  • Use (1 study): A replicated, site comparison study in the USA found that modified culverts (with a dry walkway, open-air central section and enlarged entrances) were used more by bobcats to make crossings than were unmodified culverts.

About key messages

Key messages provide a descriptive index to studies we have found that test this intervention.

Studies are not directly comparable or of equal value. When making decisions based on this evidence, you should consider factors such as study size, study design, reported metrics and relevance of the study to your situation, rather than simply counting the number of studies that support a particular interpretation.

Supporting evidence from individual studies

  1. A replicated, site comparison study in 1997–1999 in dry shrubland along a highway in Texas, USA (Cain et al. 2003) found that modified culverts were used more by bobcats Lynx rufus than were unmodified culverts. Use of crossings by cat spp. was higher at modified culverts (2.6 visits/month) than at unmodified culverts (0.5 visits/month). The rate of crossings at bridges (2.2 visits/month) was similar to that at modified culverts. Most cats recorded were bobcats, which accounted for 371 of 471 camera-trap images obtained at culvert entrances. Remaining images were of feral cats Felis catus. Five modified culverts, nine unmodified culverts and four bridges were monitored. Modified culverts had elevated central catwalks (to facilitate a dry crossing even when water was flowing through), open-air sections at the road centre (but fenced, to prevent escape at this part) and enlarged entrances. Crossings were checked two times/week from 1 July 1997 to 31 May 1999 for tracks. Remote cameras were used at seven crossings at a time, from 1 August 1997 to 31 May 1999, and were rotated among all crossings.

    Study and other actions tested
Please cite as:

Littlewood, N.A., Rocha, R., Smith, R.K., Martin, P.A., Lockhart, S.L., Schoonover, R.F., Wilman, E., Bladon, A.J., Sainsbury, K.A., Pimm S. and Sutherland, W.J. (2020) Terrestrial Mammal Conservation: Global Evidence for the Effects of Interventions for terrestrial mammals excluding bats and primates. Synopses of Conservation Evidence Series. University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Where has this evidence come from?

List of journals searched by synopsis

All the journals searched for all synopses

Terrestrial Mammal Conservation

This Action forms part of the Action Synopsis:

Terrestrial Mammal Conservation
Terrestrial Mammal Conservation

Terrestrial Mammal Conservation - Published 2020

Terrestrial Mammal Conservation

What Works 2021 cover

What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

More about What Works in Conservation

Download free PDF or purchase
The Conservation Evidence Journal

The Conservation Evidence Journal

An online, free to publish in, open-access journal publishing results from research and projects that test the effectiveness of conservation actions.

Read the latest volume: Volume 18

Go to the CE Journal

Discover more on our blog

Our blog contains the latest news and updates from the Conservation Evidence team, the Conservation Evidence Journal, and our global partners in evidence-based conservation.


Who uses Conservation Evidence?

Meet some of the evidence champions

Endangered Landscape Programme Red List Champion - Arc Kent Wildlife Trust The Rufford Foundation Save the Frogs - Ghana Bern wood Supporting Conservation Leaders National Biodiversity Network Sustainability Dashboard Frog Life The international journey of Conservation - Oryx British trust for ornithology Cool Farm Alliance UNEP AWFA Butterfly Conservation People trust for endangered species Vincet Wildlife Trust