Keep dogs indoors or in outside enclosures to reduce threats to wild mammals
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Domestic dogs Canis lupus familiaris may have multiple negative impacts on wild mammals including through predation, disease transmission and disturbance (Hughes & Macdonald 2013). In some places, domestic dogs roam freely and are major predators of wild mammals. For example, Wierzbowska et al. (2016) estimated that over 33,000 wild animals (primarily mammals, especially brown hare Lepus europaeus and roe deer Capreolus capreolus) were killed by free-ranging dogs annually in Poland. Keeping dogs indoors or in outside enclosures may reduce their impacts, including predation, on wild mammals.
Hughes J. & Macdonald D.W. (2013) A review of the interactions between free-roaming domestic dogs and wildlife. Biological Conservation, 157, 341–351.
Wierzbowska I.A., Hędrzak M., Popczyk P., Okarma H. & Crooks K.R. (2016) Predation of wildlife by free-ranging domestic dogs in Polish hunting grounds and potential competition with the grey wolf. Biological Conservation, 201, 1–9.