Promote natural carbon sequestration species and/or habitats
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Anthropogenic climate change is driven by atmospheric gases, including carbon dioxides (IPCC 2013). Certain marine species and habitats, such as oyster reefs, coral reefs, seagrass beds and macroalgae forests, can act as sinks for the carbon dioxide that gets absorbed in seawater (Dehon 2010; Mcleod et al. 2011; Ware et al. 1992). Promoting the occurrence and persistence of these carbon sequestering species and habitats may potentially benefit subtidal benthic invertebrates through improved resilience and reduction in carbon dioxide levels.
Evidence for other interventions related to carbon sequestration are summarised under “Threat: Climate change and severe weather – Limit, cease or prohibit the degradation and/or removal of carbon sequestering species and/or habitats”.
Dehon D.D. (2010) Investigating the use of bioengineered oyster reefs as a method of shoreline protection and carbon storage. Master’s Thesis. Louisiana State University, 1084.
Hoegh-Guldberg O. & Bruno J.F. (2010) The impact of climate change on the world’s marine ecosystems. Science, 328, 1523–1528.
IPCC (2013) Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex & P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
Mcleod E., Chmura G.L., Bouillon S., Salm R., Björk M., Duarte C.M., Lovelock C.E., Schlesinger W.H. & Silliman B.R. (2011) A blueprint for blue carbon: toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9, 552–560.