Implement quarantine to avoid accidental introduction of disease, non-native or problem species
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
The expanding aquaculture industry has led to the accidental introduction of diseases, and non-native and other problematic species into the wild marine environment (Bax et al. 2003; Hewitt et al. 2004; Manchester & Bullock 2000). There, they can impact on native subtidal benthic invertebrate species through predation, competition for resources (food & space), contamination (for pathogens and diseases), or hybridization (through reproduction) (Bishop et al. 2010). This could be potentially avoided through the implementation of quarantine procedures (Campbell 2011; Reise et al. 1998).
Evidence for related interventions are summarised under “Threat: Invasive and other problematic species, genes and diseases – Implement regular inspections to avoid accidental introduction of disease or non-native or problem species”.
Bax N., Williamson A., Aguero M., Gonzalez E. & Geeves W. (2003) Marine invasive alien species: a threat to global biodiversity. Marine Policy, 27, 313–323.
Bishop M.J., Krassoi F.R., McPherson R.G., Brown K.R., Summerhayes S.A., Wilkie E.M. & O’Connor W.A. (2010) Change in wild-oyster assemblages of Port Stephens, NSW, Australia, since commencement of non-native Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) aquaculture. Marine and Freshwater Research, 61, 714–723.
Hewitt C.L., Campbell M.L., Thresher R.E., Martin R.B., Boyd S., Cohen B.F., Currie D.R., Gomon M.F., Keough M.J., Lewis J.A., Lockett M.M., Mays N., McArthur M.A., O’Hara T.D., Poore G.C.B., Ross D.J., Storey M., Watson J.E. & Wilson R.S. (2004) Introduced and cryptogenic species in Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, Australia. Marine Biology, 144, 183–202.
Campbell M.L. (2011) Assessing biosecurity risk associated with the importation of microalgae. Environmental Research. 111, 989–998.
Manchester S.J. & Bullock J.M. (2000) The impacts of non‐native species on UK biodiversity and the effectiveness of control. Journal of Applied Ecology, 37, 845–864.
Reise K., Gollasch S. & Wolff W.J. (1998) Introduced marine species of the North Sea coasts. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 52, 219.