Skunk cabbage: Biological control using native herbivores
Overall effectiveness category Awaiting assessment
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Increasing the numbers of a native herbivorous species, normally an arthropod, can increase the level of foraging to levels higher than normally endured by the target (Gassmann et al. 2006). This can potentially be used as a means of controlling invasive plants. For example, slugs, snails, ants, earwigs, flies and rove beetles have been observed to feed on skunk cabbage Lysichiton americanus populations in France (Lebreton 2007). It is possible that increasing numbers of these native herbivorous species could control skunk cabbage.
Gassmann A., Cock M.J.W., Shaw R. & Evans H.C. (2006) The potential for biological control of invasive alien aquatic weeds in Europe: a review. Hydrobiologia, 570, 217-222.
Lebreton A. (2007) Présence du Lysichite jaune ou Faux arum, Lysichiton americanus Hultén & St John (Araceae), en France. Symbioses, 20, 60– 64.